The state of Democracy in India

James Arputaraj

Milan Vaishnav

The Decay of Indian Democracy

Why India No Longer Ranks Among the Lands of the Free

Foreign Affairs, March 18, 2021


The article titled The Decay of Indian Democracy by Milam Vaishnav, published on Foreign Affairs, depicts the downward trend of the Indian democracy, which is true. For many of us, the shrinking of the democratic space is worrying. Many students, journalists, human rights lawyers are in prison for expressing their opinions, due to draconian laws like the NRC (National Register of Citizens) which aims to target minority communities, and the “Farmer Laws”, which ensure the monopoly of  multinational  corporations in the agriculture sector.

In a democracy, there should be independence of the judiciary, the executive and the media. The media houses are coerced to convey the  narrative of the Government. The Central Bureau of Investigation is used to target opposition leaders in the hope they would join the ruling BJP party. In many states, like Madhya Pradesh, Goa, Manipur, Karnataka, the members of  the legislative  assembly were bought over and they resigned in  order to  bring down the democratically elected  Governments. The Courts are also on the side of the Government, which is  the most dangerous situation since Independence. An 83 year old Catholic Father is in prison and the courts are not giving him bail for over 4 months. He was in solidarity with the land rights of the tribal peoples against the Multinational Companies engaging in mining in Bihar and Jharkhand.

I firmly believe that the majority of Hindus are aware of the politics of polarisation and would  not support the BJP, as in 4 states where elections were held  on 6th April; the results announced on 2nd May were a death knell to the BJP and the Sangh Parivar (Hindu religious forum).

Not only in the political sphere, but in the cultural areas too, the BJP has destroyed by bringing in a new education policy. Even Vice Chancellors of prestigious universities are appointed from Sangh  Parivar members without adequate expertise. The head  of the Planning Commission is not even a Commerce or Finance graduate.

Modi is no doubt  a towering personality in the Indian politics after Indira Gandhi. His oratorial skills and his providing a narrative suited to the ruling party are his characteristic style. The illiterate masses are attracted to him, though he did not provide the one million jobs that he promised in 2014. By demonetisation (i.e. withdrawal of a particular form of currency from circulation [Trl. Note], the small and medium firms slowed down, and with the introduction of the Goods & Services Tax (GST), they almost died. He declared a lock down with 4 hours notice during the COVID wave, and many people walked  hundreds of miles and never reached home. The Government states that there are no data on this.  

The Indian democracy is resilient and the people would bounce back, as did after the emergency in 1975. Tribals in India were practicing democracy and gender equality before the word Democracy appeared in the Oxford  dictionary.

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