The International Democracy Watch aims at developing an analytical framework to evaluate the democratic quality of IOs systematically. To this purpose, the political-institutional contents of democracy, traditionally studied and conceptualized at the nation-state level, must be adapted and applied to international relations. 

This theoretical adaptation is first of all expressed though a set of qualitative macro-indicators, developed by IDW as guidelines for its researchers in monitoring and assessing the democratization of international organizations.

An additional set of quantitative micro-indicators, composing the International Democracy Index (IDI), will express the dimensions of international democracy ant quantify the democratic quality of international organizations.

Both qualitative and quantitaive results of the assessment will be published, in different forms, on this website and on the International Democracy Report, edited biennially.

We hope that the combined exploitation of these tools can assist the scientific community in studying two processes which are taking place in parallel, pushed further by globalization, but not at the same speed: the international organization on the one hand, and its gradual democratization on the other (for example, comparing different experiences and their democratization over space and time).

The International Democracy macro indicators

The monitoring and the assessment of international organizations' democratization will be based on ten qualitative macro-indicators:
1. Appointment
How are key officials appointed or elected, and what is the agency's governance structure (single-headed agency, multi-headed commission, self-regulatory organization, etc.)? Who can belong to the institution - only states or also nongovernmental actors? Does a parliamentary body exist? Are its members directly elected by people or are they representatives of national parliaments? In the former case, are the election free? Do free (private and/or public) mass media exist making citizens aware of government alternatives?

The International Democracy Index

The International Democracy Index will be the tool to rate and rank the monitored organizations.

It will be calculated from a set of indicators divided into different categories such as representative, participatory, paritary, social, cultural, electoral, cosmopolitan and information democracy.

A yes/no score (1,0) will be assigned to each indicator; whenever an indicator will produce an interpretation problem a value of 0.5 will be used. The final score will be translated into a 1 to 100 scale. A scoring of 100 points represents the ideal situation of a supranational institution where international democracy is fully implemented in each of its elements.

The quantitative indicators composing the International Democracy Index are still under construction, and will be ready very soon.

First International Democracy Report 2014

Table of Contents 

Foreword by Robert Palea



1. Preface  - Giovanni Finizio, Lucio Levi and Nicola Vallinoto 

2. Introduction - Lucio Levi

3. The Legal and Political Status of International Parliamentary InstitutionsClaudia Kissling

PART II - Universal Organisations

4. United Nations - Giovanni Finizio

5. World BankTina M. Zappile

6. International Monetary FundJonathan R. Strand

7. World Trade OrganizationAlexia Herwig  

8. International Labour OrganizationJill Jensen

9. Inter-Parliamentary Union - Claudia Kissling

PART III - Regional Organisations 


10. The Democratisation of the European Union: Historical and Theoretical Aspects - Mario Telò

Box 1. Benelux

11. European Union: the Process Towards SupranationalityLucia Serena Rossi

Box 2.  Central European Iniziative

12. The Democratisation of the European UnionDawid Friedrich

Box 3. Nordic Council


13. African Union (AU) - Stephen S. Kingah

14. Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS)Hélene Gandois

15. West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU)Kama Tapè Berengér

16. Economic Community of Central African States (ECCAS)Angela Meyer

17. Central African Economic and Monetary Community (CAEMC)Angela Meyer

18. East African Community (EAC)Korwa G. Adar

19. Southern African Development Community (SADC) - Andreas Godsäter

Box 4. Arab Maghreb Union


20. South American Common Market (MERCOSUR)Mariana Luna Pont

21. Andean Community (CAN) - Dayanna Sanchez Rodriguez

22. Union of South American Nations (UNASUR) - Nicolas Comini

23. Central American Integration System (SICA) - Giannis Papageorgiou

24. Caribbean Community (CARICOM)Tamara Brown-Onnis

25. North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA)Jordan Bankhead

Asia and Oceania

26. Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN)Herman Joseph S. Kraft

27. South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC)Deepshikha Shahi

28. Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC)Jordan Bankhead

29. Pacific Islands Forum (PIF)Chris Hamer


PART IV - Interregional Organisations

30. Council of Europe (CoE)Kundai M. Sithole

Box 5. Arctic Council

31. EU/ACP PartnershipAndrea Cofelice

Box 6. International Organization of La Francophonie

32. League of Arab States (LAS) Nadine Mourad Sika

Box 7. Council of Baltic Sea States

33. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)Marek Madej

Box 8. Organisation of Black Sea Economic Co-operation

34. Organization of American States (OAS) - Marcos Aurélio Guedes de Oliveira

Box 9. Organization of Islamic Cooperation

35. Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) - Julinda Beqiraj

36. Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) and Eurasian Economic Community (EurAsEC)Alexander Libman


37. Autonomous Interparliamentary Assemblies Edited by Laura Roscio

Amazonian Parliament

Asia-Pacific Parliamentary Forum

Association of Senates, Shoora and Equivalent Councils in Africa and the Arab World

Baltic Assembly

Central European Initiative

Indigenous Parliament of America

Inter-Parliamentary Assembly on Orthodoxy

Inter-Parliamentary Forum of the Americas

Parliamentary Assembly of the Mediterranean

Parliamentary Confederation of the Americas



38. Civil Society Movements and Campaigns for International Democracy - Nicola Vallinoto

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